Examines the Correlation between Knowledge, Demographic Characteristics, and Hypertension Incidence among Outpatients in a Community Health Center Located in Banjarmasin, Indonesia


Khairul Anam

The problem of hypertension is a significant public health concern, as it can lead to severe complications and even be fatal, mainly when uncontrolled. Complications like stroke, coronary heart disease, and kidney failure can arise. Implementing behavior change through knowledge and attitude transformation is essential to address this issue. This study employed an analytical survey approach with a cross-sectional design at the East Kelayan Community Health Centre in Banjarmasin, Indonesia, in 2017, with a sample size of 92 respondents. The study's findings were subjected to univariate and bivariate analyses, which revealed that the incidence of hypertension was 53.3%. The study further found that age, education, and knowledge correlated with hypertension incidence (p = 0.002, p = 0.000, and p = 0.001, respectively). While age is an unchangeable factor contributing to increased blood pressure, a healthy lifestyle can prevent hypertension, including not smoking, regular exercise, and healthy eating habits. The study's results have important implications for hypertension prevention and can be useful for future researchers studying hypertension incidence.


Keywords: Demographic characteristics, Hypertension, Knowledge, outpatients, Health center

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